Americans are over-diagnosed and over-treated for depression, suggests a new study from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Investigators found that when individuals were assessed for major depressive episodes using a structured interview, only 38.4 percent of adults with clinician-identified depression met the 12-month criteria for depression, despite the fact that a majority of participants were prescribed and were using psychiatric medications. The results are featured in the journal Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics. “Depression over-diagnosis and over-treatment is common in the U.S., and frankly the numbers are staggering,” said Ramin J. Mojtabai, Ph.D., author of the study and an associate professor at Johns Hopkins.
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